A History of Computer Art : Critical Response

Ben Laposky, ‘Oscillon 40’, 1952. Museum no. E.958-2008. Given by the American Friends of the V&A through the generosity of Patric Prince
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Frieder Nake, ‘Hommage à Paul Klee 13/9/65 Nr.2’, 1965. Museum no. E.951-2008. Given by the American Friends of the V&A through the generosity of Patric Prince

This text takes us on  journey throughout the years of the 1900’s and how the use of technology in artwork has changed. Our journey start of in the 1950’s where artists mainly used mechanical devices and analogue computers to create works of art.  Computer scientists or mathematicians began exploring geometric forms during the 1960’s which led to creating plotted drawings in black and white. This also marked the beginning of moving film which was created by Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc., which also contributed a lot to the relationship between art and technology.Moving on to the 1970’s, people coming from an artistic background started to become familiar with using computers as they grew an interest in learning about its nature and the processes involved. Therefore artworks at this point started to become more ‘artistic’ and aesthetically pleasing. After that came the use of computer graphics in films and video games which spiked the popularity of digital artwork. The 1980’s was a huge step forward where artists started creating more computer-generated artwork which looked more realistic than ever before. And finally, during the 1990’s and to this day, I think it is safe to say that the term ‘Computer Art’ cannot be used anymore since technology has not integrated itself so well amongst art. Artists are no longer using simply one medium in their works but are now including the technology into their practice.

James Faure Walker, ‘Dark Filament’ (detail), 2007. Museum no. E.147-2009. Given by James Faure Walker

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